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Welcome to Korea Fr. Cedric Alimbuyong

Welcome to Korea Fr. Cedric Alimbuyong
Fr. Cedric replaces Fr. Dong Marcaida. Have a happy, fruitful and blessed days with us all!

Sunday, April 27, 2008

Why Does the Church Have Bishops? (Series LXXXVI(

St. Timothy is Ephesus and St. Titus in Crete each received instructions from the apostle Paul about the qualifications for a bishop (see 1 Tm 3:1-7; Ti 1:7-9). This “noble” officer was to “teach” and to “manage” the affairs of the Church in each locate. (The Greek word for bishop, episkopos, literally means “overseer.”) How did the office of bishop come about?
Our Lord appointed the apostles to teach and govern the Church (see Mt 28:16-20). Since the place of Judas had been vacated by the traitor’s suicide, a successor was appointed by the other apostle to fill his “office” (see Acts 1:20) — literally, his “episcopacy” or bishopric” (Greek, episkopen). The first apostles, then, were bishops, as were their appointed successors (*see “Is Apostolic Succession in the Bible?” next series).

In referring to ordained Church leaders, biblical writers do not always distinguish clearly between bishops/overseers and presbyters/elders/priests. St. Luke, for example, refers to the leaders of the Church at Ephesus first as “presbyters” and then as “overseers” (see Acts 20:17, 28). But those distinctions were clarified within a generation after the apostles, as evidenced by the writings of their immediate successors, such as St. Ignatius, bishop of Antioch.
Since the beginning, then, the Catholic Church has been governed by bishops, maintaining an episcopal form of government. Protestant denominations have experimented with a variety of alternative structures, such as congregational (governed by vote of the entire congregation) and Presbyterian (governed by a system of courts composed of elders). But having received her Episcopal structure form Christ, through his apostles, the Catholic Church has preserved it for two thousand years as a divine mandate — though with some historical variations in the method of appointment and the exercise of the office.

The bishops serve as shepherds of God’s flock (see 1 Pt 5:1-4). In governing the Church, they are to imitate the pastoral care of Jesus himself for his people. He is the chief “shepherd and guardian [episkopos] of ...souls” (1 Pt 2:25).

RELATED SCRIPTURE — Texts cited: Mt 28:16:20; Acts 1:20; 20:17018; 1 Tm 3:1-7; Ti 1:7-9; 1 Pt 2:25; 5:1-4. General: Jer 23:4; Mt 9:36; Mk 6:34; Phil 1:1; Heb 13:20. CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH — 3; 77; 815-816; 830; 833; 873; 857-864; 869; 873-896; 919; 935-839; 981; 1087; 1120-1121; 1142; 1369; 1483; 1549; 1560-1561; 1575-1577; 1593-1596; 1600; 1673.

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